How can we have a fraud free voting system? We could start by using technology to improve the reliability of voting processes during elections. One solution is to use Blockchain, Cybersecurity’s newest technology.
There has always been a misconception that votes cannot be made online safely without hiccups. Online voting, instead of ballots or electronic voting machines, has been proposed not only to increase the number of active voters, but also to address security and electoral integrity issues. Could Blockchain, a technology that continues to attract the attention of technology and business leaders, be the key to spreading credible Internet voting around the world?
Although the concept of blockchain is not necessarily easy to understand or explain, voting with blockchain may gain momentum in the coming years as it is being explored for different types of elections in developed nations. Election officials, politicians and voters should at least be aware of the potential of this new voting mechanism.
The blockchain could be used to secure voting systems and vote against rigging by those who would try influencing the election. These controversial election cases could have been avoided if the counting process was fair, transparent and verifiable. The current electoral system offers long queues at polling booth and anonymity to the voter, but the voting itself and counting process is not transparent. This makes the process of counting a concerned vulnerability in the current electoral process. There are also other electoral fraud, such as vote tampering, booth capturing and ballot stuffing.
How the voting will work
The voter registration process would require an authority that determines who can vote and who cannot similar to KYC registration in cryptocurrency. If the authority determines that a user is eligible to vote, the user receives a key or token. Similar to receiving a coin, this token can then help the user to vote exactly once.
Blockchains guarantees that a user cannot vote multiple times with the same token. The mechanism used to avoid this is analogous to the mechanism used to avoid “duplication “in crypto-currencies based on blockchains.
The good thing about Blockchain is that it is decentralized. There is no central place of trust to conduct fair and safe elections thereby eliminating the authority influence. Everyone can participate and become a node of the system. The nodes together ensure that the system is available for the duration of the election and that votes are counted correctly.
If blockchain is used to determine choice, the ballots would be embedded in a numeric code and stored in transparent shared databases protected against deletion, manipulation, or revision. Each unique identification in the chain would represent an elector. To manipulate this, a hacker would have to manipulate the code of each block from top to bottom of the chain, which is almost impossible right now.
The many security features of Blockchain make it incredibly safe. The system stores data in blocks that are virtually unalterable, making hacking very difficult. In addition, each transaction creates books or accounting records that are difficult to hack giving accurate post-election results within minutes. Tamper-proof? Super sure? It looks like a whitelist containing everything we want the electoral system to be.
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